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   •   Have resources on hand.
   •   Familiarize yourself with signs of suicide.
   •   Mentioning the signs of suicide indicates concern and makes it hard for person to deny.
   •   Ask direct questions, "Are you thinking about suicide?"

   •   Be calm, non-judgmental and calming.
   •   Listen as the person shares their anger, despair or other negative emotion. This is a positive sign.
   •   Offer hope, letting them know help is available and that his or her life is important to you.







   •   Ask the person what will keep them safe until they can see a professional.
   •   Get a verbal commitment from the person that they will not act upon thoughts of suicide.
   •   Evaluate if there is immediate danger.
   •   Determine if he or she has a plan, a means to carry out the act and a timeline.
   •   If immediate help is needed, call 911 or the Suicide Prevention Hotline 1-800-273-TALK (8255).
   •   Stay with the person or take them to the Emergency room if a suicide attempt seems imminent.



   •   Provide the person with a list of resources.
   •   Encourage an appointment with a mental health professional.
   •   Be aware of treatment recommendations and follow their compliance with recommendations.
   •   Maintain contact. Don't wait to hear from them, stay involved for the long haul.
   •   Encourage positive lifestyle changes in regards to diet, exercise and sleep.
   •   Remove all potential means of suicide, such as pills, knives, razors, firearms.

   •   Don't ask in a way that will result in "No" as an answer.
   •   Don't promise secrecy; tell them you care too much to keep this secret.
   •   Out of frustration or anger, do not tell the person to "do it."
   •   Do not use values, guilt or morals as reasons to live.